Why English Usage Is Important

Are you appearing for CAT this year? It is important to brush up your ’sectional skills’. Don’t get hassled by the questions on ‘English usage’. An MBA from a prestigious institute like IIMs is a dream come true. Some years of meticulous training, and it transforms you into dynamic managers.

As aspiring MBAs, students are usually in awe of corporate leaders. But what if your corporate icon makes a language mistake? If he misuses the word ‘oversee’ for ‘overlook’? The two similar sounding words have different meanings altogether. This is precisely why we have English Usage as an important part of competitive entrance tests and examinations. Competitive examinations like the CAT accept or reject candidates on the basis of certain parameters that are crucial for the candidate to succeed in the career field of his choice.

None of the B-schools prefer candidates who need to be trained from the scratch. You need to acquire some skills by yourself. You need to have the fire within you and the passion to do something. The drive to excel should be present in you. Hence, to assess your potential, aims, goals and capabilities, the questions on English Usage need to be answered, and they form an important part of most entrance tests.

Managers cannot afford to make mistakes when they communicate. It is not enough to just understand the meaning of a word; you need to know about its rightful usage as well. You need to be comfortable with the language in order to have great presentation and communication skills. Your verbal skills are tested to gauge how well equipped you are to deal with a crisis.

As a manager, an MBA needs to communicate effectively with others. Not only that, you need to analyze and think on your feet. You need to be decisive and make quick decisions. Good communication is when you can put your point across and others can understand it and interpret it without any difficulty. Furthermore, as a good manager sitting in one part of the world, you need to interpret communication correctly from any other part of the world. This is why communication skills and interpretation are given so much importance. The English Usage section basically tests your decision making skills and English language skills.

Do You Need An MBA?

Every student, business person or executive thinks about pursuing an MBA at some point or the other. MBAs usually land prestigious, high profile jobs and careers at MNCs. The question is- Do you really need an MBA to be successful in business? To do well in life?

You gain a lot by pursuing an MBA- in terms of education, management skills and business competency skills. It prepares you for a promising career in business. You can learn a great deal about careers in marketing, finance, economics, management, etc. You learn to work on group projects, you acquire leadership skills, and you learn a lot of soft skills and experimental skills as well. The MBA environment is very stimulating intellectually. You feel motivated to work along with other students and faculties from diverse backgrounds. A good MBA program also provides you with contact building opportunities, career guidance and in-depth networking. It even helps you with job placements.

MBA candidates are classified into 3 groups. Those in their mid twenties to early thirties, with some years of work experience to their credit, belong to the first category. They can obtain an MBA as a means to polish their educational history. For those belonging to this category, an MBA is desirable but it is not a must unless you want to change your field. In other words, if you want to switch careers, you need to do an MBA. If you can get ahead in your career or further your existing career without an MBA, then you need not spend time and money on it.

If you wish to pursue an entrepreneurial path, you might want to do an MBA. It provides you with the necessary skills, expertise, networking, knowledge and personal experience needed to pursue the entrepreneurial route. Having said that, a truly dedicated and a focused entrepreneur can also excel without an MBA. It also depends on your attitude, skills and interests.

Some circumstances definitely demand an MBA. If your present employer demands an MBA for you to achieve a specific level of management, you definitely need to do it.

The question whether you require an MBA basically boils down to two questions that you need to ask yourself- Is there an alternative route or substitute to your goal? And what is the opportunity cost of doing an MBA?

All Your MBA FAQs Answered Here

Do you have any doubts regarding MBA? Are you apprehensive about the many specializations and job prospects pertaining to MBA? Here are some of the common MBA FAQs answered:

There are 6 MBA specializations to choose from- Marketing, Finance, Human Resources, IT/System, Operations and Entrepreneurship.

Marketing Management is the most popular discipline amongst management graduates. It appeals to those with leadership qualities and fairly good communication skills. A career in marketing offers ample scope for growth, innovation, responsibility and challenge. Brand Manager, Area Manager, Product Manager, Marketing Manager and Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) are the various designations. The companies include Fast Moving Consumer Goods, Advertising, Consumer Durables, Non-Durables, Media, Services Marketing and Market Research.

Finance Management is a career that is apt for those who are interested in quantitative skills. Those who also have an interest in planning, policy information and managing resources can also opt for finance management. A career in finance is best described as ‘Number Crunching’. Finance is about managing money and its repercussions. Banks, Financial Institutions, Stock Brokerage Houses and Investment Bankers recruit Finance MBAs.

HR Management is about managing people, managing employees. MBAs in this stream usually specialize in ‘compensation’. They are of in charge of Recruitment and Selection, Performance Appraisals, Employee Packages, Grievance Redressal Cells, etc. You could be a HR Manager, an Industrial Relations Manager or a Personnel Manager.

As far as Information Technology (IT) and/or Management Information Systems (MIS) is concerned, the field is usually favourable for technical graduates and engineers. IT Companies usually recruit MBA-Systems.

Those who are specifically inclined towards Production / Shop-floor Management opt for Operations Management. IT Companies, Manufacturing companies and Engineering companies recruit such MBAs. They are generally required to deal with the internal and external movements within an organization. It refers to vendor development, processes, ancillary management and relationships.

Entrepreneurship Management is usually chosen by those who have a family-managed business. It is a challenging and thrilling career option. With e-commerce catching up, Entrepreneurship Management has become a lucrative career stream for MBAs. It involves a huge amount of risk, but it also guarantees high returns if you succeed.

MBA - To Do Or Not To Do

MBA is perhaps the most popular degree program across the world. An MBA from a prestigious institute equips you with the skills and knowledge necessary to run your business effectively. An MBA is probably your ticket to success, fortune and a rewarding career.

Here are the many advantages of doing an MBA:

1) It provides you with detailed knowledge and expertise about business and its many policies. This propels your career to a higher designation in a company.
2) You stand a chance of getting a higher package compared to someone who is not equipped with an MBA degree.
3) It keeps you focused. It helps you deal with the competitive business world.
4) When you do your own business, you are less prone to failure. You are well equipped with the necessary skills and expertise of starting and sustaining your business venture.
5) An MBA gives you amazing networking opportunities through the various people whom you meet- i.e. faculty, students and others. It improves your professional credentials.
6) It helps you gain confidence and acquire leadership skills to do well in life.

However there are some disadvantages of pursuing an MBA:

1) It is exorbitant in terms of time and money
2) Small scale, mid sized companies may not hire you since they are bound by budget constraints. You could be too expensive for them to hire.
3) You need to compromise on your personal life. An MBA demands a lot of time, attention and focus. Your social life takes a backseat.
4) Some companies would rather recruit candidates with years of experience than an MBA degree.

The above mentioned advantages and disadvantages will help you make a well informed career decision. It is an important decision that can have serious repercussions on your career. So it makes sense to weigh the pros and cons and take a wise decision of whether or not you wish to pursue an MBA.

10 Tips For a Successful Overseas Business School Application


Needless to say, ambitious MBA aspirants wish to secure admission in top MBA programs. Anyone who wants to be a part of a successful MBA business institution, works for years. By the time you apply, you are already successful at a job. However, the real challenge lies in your passion and dedication to get into your dream MBA institution. In other words, to get the best, you will have to compete with the best.

A successful person makes the most of every opportunity that comes his way. It is a wise attitude to realize your dreams. After coming a long way, you should not make the mistake of not gathering information and advice from reliable sources, who can help you get to your dreams.

Overseas MBA: Top Ten Tips
1) Prepare to put in your application well in advance
2) Request at least two suitable people to review your application
3) Seek advice if you need to work on any weak areas in your application
4) Be yourself. Do not imitate anyone else
5) Submit your application on time. However, don’t rush through it. Check for any mistakes and errors
6) Don’t undermine the importance of recommendations
7) Have mixed recommenders - one who knows you well and one for prestige
8) If you are on the waiting list, it does not mean you are rejected
9) Know exactly why you are opting for a particular business school
10) A good GMAT score helps

Job Opportunity After MBA


Often students opt for MBA in order to sharpen the skills required for being efficient manager. Completion of the MBA programme leads students to find an employment where they can apply the gained knowledge. However even after competition of MBA, sometimes it is not so easy to get the desired job. But some strategies can drive you till there.

One of such strategies is networking. It is one of the essential techniques as most of the MBA openings are never advertised. Such positions are filled internally, where the management reaches you with their desired qualification and requirements.

Another way is you can contact companies and mention about your degree and skills. Upon asking for the possible openings, they will get in touch with you as and when there are any vacancy matching to your qualification. For this, you need to leave your contact details with them.

Most of the management schools offer career placements and run job fairs too. You can get in touch with college’s career office and check what they have to offer you. However do not rely much on the colleges as they concentrate on offering jobs only, but lack qualities job openings some times.

One of the other ways to hunt the job is recruitment agencies or headhunters. Make your all details available to these agencies. They will help you to find job matching to your profile. They have details of various openings and it’s their job to find right candidates for the company. So it is easier for them to match your profile with the right company.

Apart from that, now days you can take help of latest technology for hunting job for you. There are ample of websites available like http://koolkampus.com/fresher-jobs detailing about the MBA vacancies. The recent development on this front is arrival of “aggregator” job sites, which helps you a lot. In addition you can also take help of conventional methods such as newspapers.

Do not compromise on the salary that you wish to draw. Be sure of what profile and salary that you expect.

Is MBA All About High Salaries And Big Brand Names


Apart from high salaries and being associated with big brand names, an MBA course is worth taking up for the following reasons:

1. Understanding and contributing to organizational goals
Various functions of an organization sales, marketing, finance, human resources, product management, strategy need to work in sync. An MBA degree gives exposure to these functions and shows how, what you do translates into value for customers and shareholders. It also exemplifies opportunities to contribute towards the growth of the organization.

2. Easier to get in and out of roles
Getting into strategic consulting or investment banking or even a few roles in sales and marketing is easy when you have the backing of an MBA degree from a premier business school. MBAs have the advantage of switching across functions if they desire to do so at a later stage in their career as compared to non-MBAs.

3. An assortment of intelligent minds
In a business school, graduates in commerce, economics, architecture, medicine, pharmacy and engineering work, think and create under one roof. Working with individuals from diverse educational backgrounds enables a greater learning opportunity and teaches students to look at anything from various perspectives.

4. Networking
Two years at a business school means that you already have a strong network of batch-mates who would have become stalwarts in the business world. Connecting with alumni can prove beneficial when looking for a job or an advance in one’s career or any other business interest.

A to Z of Phobia Words!!

Ablutophobia- Fear of washing or bathing.
Acarophobia- Fear of itching or of the insects that cause itching.
Acerophobia- Fear of sourness.
Achluophobia- Fear of darkness.
Acousticophobia- Fear of noise.
Acrophobia- Fear of heights.
Aerophobia- Fear of drafts, air swallowing, or airbourne noxious substances.
Aeroacrophobia- Fear of open high places.
Aeronausiphobia- Fear of vomiting secondary to airsickness.
Agateophobia- Fear of insanity.
Agliophobia- Fear of pain.
Agoraphobia- Fear of open spaces or of being in crowded, public places like markets. Fear of leaving a safe place.
Agraphobia- Fear of sexual abuse.
Agrizoophobia- Fear of wild animals.
Agyrophobia- Fear of streets or crossing the street.
Aichmophobia- Fear of needles or pointed objects.
Ailurophobia- Fear of cats.
Albuminurophobia- Fear of kidney disease.
Alektorophobia- Fear of chickens.
Algophobia- Fear of pain.
Alliumphobia- Fear of garlic.
Allodoxaphobia- Fear of opinions.
Altophobia- Fear of heights.
Amathophobia- Fear of dust.
Amaxophobia- Fear of riding in a car.
Ambulophobia- Fear of walking.
Amnesiphobia- Fear of amnesia.
Amychophobia- Fear of scratches or being scratched.
Anablephobia- Fear of looking up.
Ancraophobia- Fear of wind. (Anemophobia)
Androphobia- Fear of men.
Anemophobia- Fear of air drafts or wind.(Ancraophobia)
Anginophobia- Fear of angina, choking or narrowness.
Anglophobia- Fear of England or English culture, etc.
Angrophobia - Fear of anger or of becoming angry.
Ankylophobia- Fear of immobility of a joint.
Anthrophobia or Anthophobia- Fear of flowers.
Anthropophobia- Fear of people or society.
Antlophobia- Fear of floods.
Anuptaphobia- Fear of staying single.
Apeirophobia- Fear of infinity.
Aphenphosmphobia- Fear of being touched. (Haphephobia)
Apiphobia- Fear of bees.
Apotemnophobia- Fear of persons with amputations.
Arachibutyrophobia- Fear of peanut butter sticking to the roof of the mouth.
Arachnephobia or Arachnophobia- Fear of spiders.
Arithmophobia- Fear of numbers.
Arrhenphobia- Fear of men.
Arsonphobia- Fear of fire.
Asthenophobia- Fear of fainting or weakness.
Astraphobia or Astrapophobia- Fear of thunder and lightning.(Ceraunophobia, Keraunophobia)
Astrophobia- Fear of stars or celestial space.
Asymmetriphobia- Fear of asymmetrical things.
Ataxiophobia- Fear of ataxia. (muscular incoordination)
Ataxophobia- Fear of disorder or untidiness.
Atelophobia- Fear of imperfection.
Atephobia- Fear of ruin or ruins.
Athazagoraphobia- Fear of being forgotton or ignored or forgetting.
Atomosophobia- Fear of atomic explosions.
Atychiphobia- Fear of failure.
Aulophobia- Fear of flutes.
Aurophobia- Fear of gold.
Auroraphobia- Fear of Northern lights.
Autodysomophobia- Fear of one that has a vile odor.
Automatonophobia- Fear of ventriloquist’s dummies, animatronic creatures, wax statues - anything that falsly represents a sentient being.
Automysophobia- Fear of being dirty.
Autophobia- Fear of being alone or of oneself.
Aviophobia or Aviatophobia- Fear of flying.

Bacillophobia- Fear of microbes.
Bacteriophobia- Fear of bacteria.
Ballistophobia- Fear of missiles or bullets.
Bolshephobia- Fear of Bolsheviks.
Barophobia- Fear of gravity.
Basophobia or Basiphobia- Inability to stand. Fear of walking or falling.
Bathmophobia- Fear of stairs or steep slopes.
Bathophobia- Fear of depth.
Batophobia- Fear of heights or being close to high buildings.
Batrachophobia- Fear of amphibians, such as frogs, newts, salamanders, etc.
Belonephobia- Fear of pins and needles. (Aichmophobia)
Bibliophobia- Fear of books.
Blennophobia- Fear of slime.
Bogyphobia- Fear of bogeys or the bogeyman.
Botanophobia- Fear of plants.
Bromidrosiphobia or Bromidrophobia- Fear of body smells.
Brontophobia- Fear of thunder and lightning.
Bufonophobia- Fear of toads.

Cacophobia- Fear of ugliness.
Cainophobia or Cainotophobia- Fear of newness, novelty.
Caligynephobia- Fear of beautiful women.
Cancerophobia or Carcinophobia- Fear of cancer.
Cardiophobia- Fear of the heart.
Carnophobia- Fear of meat.
Catagelophobia- Fear of being ridiculed.
Catapedaphobia- Fear of jumping from high and low places.
Cathisophobia- Fear of sitting.
Catoptrophobia- Fear of mirrors.
Cenophobia or Centophobia- Fear of new things or ideas.
Ceraunophobia or Keraunophobia- Fear of thunder and lightning.(Astraphobia, Astrapophobia)
Chaetophobia- Fear of hair.
Cheimaphobia or Cheimatophobia- Fear of cold.(Frigophobia, Psychophobia)
Chemophobia- Fear of chemicals or working with chemicals.
Cherophobia- Fear of gaiety.
Chionophobia- Fear of snow.
Chiraptophobia- Fear of being touched.
Chirophobia- Fear of hands.
Cholerophobia- Fear of anger or the fear of cholera.
Chorophobia- Fear of dancing.
Chrometophobia or Chrematophobia- Fear of money.
Chromophobia or Chromatophobia- Fear of colors.
Chronophobia- Fear of time.
Chronomentrophobia- Fear of clocks.
Cibophobia- Fear of food.(Sitophobia, Sitiophobia)
Claustrophobia- Fear of confined spaces.
Cleithrophobia or Cleisiophobia- Fear of being locked in an enclosed place.
Cleptophobia- Fear of stealing.
Climacophobia- Fear of stairs, climbing, or of falling downstairs.
Clinophobia- Fear of going to bed.
Clithrophobia or Cleithrophobia- Fear of being enclosed.
Cnidophobia- Fear of stings.
Cometophobia- Fear of comets.
Coimetrophobia- Fear of cemeteries.
Coitophobia- Fear of coitus.
Contreltophobia- Fear of sexual abuse.
Coprastasophobia- Fear of constipation.
Coprophobia- Fear of feces.
Consecotaleophobia- Fear of chopsticks.
Coulrophobia- Fear of clowns.
Counterphobia- The preference by a phobic for fearful situations.
Cremnophobia- Fear of precipices.
Cryophobia- Fear of extreme cold, ice or frost.
Crystallophobia- Fear of crystals or glass.
Cyberphobia- Fear of computers or working on a computer.
Cyclophobia- Fear of bicycles.
Cymophobia or Kymophobia- Fear of waves or wave like motions.
Cynophobia- Fear of dogs or rabies.
Cypridophobia or Cypriphobia or Cyprianophobia or Cyprinophobia - Fear of prostitutes or venereal disease.

Decidophobia- Fear of making decisions.
Defecaloesiophobia- Fear of painful bowels movements.
Deipnophobia- Fear of dining or dinner conversations.
Dementophobia- Fear of insanity.
Demonophobia or Daemonophobia- Fear of demons.
Demophobia- Fear of crowds. (Agoraphobia)
Dendrophobia- Fear of trees.
Dentophobia- Fear of dentists.
Dermatophobia- Fear of skin lesions.
Dermatosiophobia or Dermatophobia or Dermatopathophobia- Fear of skin disease.
Dextrophobia- Fear of objects at the right side of the body.
Diabetophobia- Fear of diabetes.
Didaskaleinophobia- Fear of going to school.
Dikephobia- Fear of justice.
Dinophobia- Fear of dizziness or whirlpools.
Diplophobia- Fear of double vision.
Dipsophobia- Fear of drinking.
Dishabiliophobia- Fear of undressing in front of someone.
Domatophobia- Fear of houses or being in a house.(Eicophobia, Oikophobia)
Doraphobia- Fear of fur or skins of animals.
Doxophobia- Fear of expressing opinions or of receiving praise.
Dromophobia- Fear of crossing streets.
Dutchphobia- Fear of the Dutch.
Dysmorphophobia- Fear of deformity.
Dystychiphobia- Fear of accidents.

Ecclesiophobia- Fear of church.
Ecophobia- Fear of home.
Eicophobia- Fear of home surroundings.(Domatophobia, Oikophobia)
Eisoptrophobia- Fear of mirrors or of seeing oneself in a mirror.
Electrophobia- Fear of electricity.
Eleutherophobia- Fear of freedom.
Elurophobia- Fear of cats. (Ailurophobia)
Emetophobia- Fear of vomiting.
Enetophobia- Fear of pins.
Enochlophobia- Fear of crowds.
Enosiophobia or Enissophobia- Fear of having committed an unpardonable sin or of criticism.
Entomophobia- Fear of insects.
Eosophobia- Fear of dawn or daylight.
Ephebiphobia- Fear of teenagers.
Epistaxiophobia- Fear of nosebleeds.
Epistemophobia- Fear of knowledge.
Equinophobia- Fear of horses.
Eremophobia- Fear of being oneself or of lonliness.
Ereuthrophobia- Fear of blushing.
Ergasiophobia- 1) Fear of work or functioning. 2) Surgeon’s fear of operating.
Ergophobia- Fear of work.
Erotophobia- Fear of sexual love or sexual questions.
Euphobia- Fear of hearing good news.
Eurotophobia- Fear of female genitalia.
Erythrophobia or Erytophobia or Ereuthophobia- 1) Fear of redlights. 2) Blushing. 3) Red.

Febriphobia or Fibriphobia or Fibriophobia- Fear of fever.
Felinophobia- Fear of cats. (Ailurophobia, Elurophobia, Galeophobia, Gatophobia)
Francophobia- Fear of France or French culture. (Gallophobia, Galiophobia)
Frigophobia- Fear of cold or cold things.(Cheimaphobia, Cheimatophobia, Psychrophobia)

Galeophobia or Gatophobia- Fear of cats.
Gallophobia or Galiophobia- Fear France or French culture. (Francophobia)
Gamophobia- Fear of marriage.
Geliophobia- Fear of laughter.
Geniophobia- Fear of chins.
Genophobia- Fear of sex.
Genuphobia- Fear of knees.
Gephyrophobia or Gephydrophobia or Gephysrophobia- Fear of crossing bridges.
Germanophobia- Fear of Germany or German culture.
Gerascophobia- Fear of growing old.
Gerontophobia- Fear of old people or of growing old.
Geumaphobia or Geumophobia- Fear of taste.
Glossophobia- Fear of speaking in public or of trying to speak.
Gnosiophobia- Fear of knowledge.
Graphophobia- Fear of writing or handwriting.
Gymnophobia- Fear of nudity.
Gynephobia or Gynophobia- Fear of women.

Hadephobia- Fear of hell.
Hagiophobia- Fear of saints or holy things.
Hamartophobia- Fear of sinning.
Haphephobia or Haptephobia- Fear of being touched.
Harpaxophobia- Fear of being robbed.
Hedonophobia- Fear of feeling pleasure.
Heliophobia- Fear of the sun.
Hellenologophobia- Fear of Greek terms or complex scientific terminology.
Helminthophobia- Fear of being infested with worms.
Hemophobia or Hemaphobia or Hematophobia- Fear of blood.
Heresyphobia or Hereiophobia- Fear of challenges to official doctrine or of radical deviation.
Herpetophobia- Fear of reptiles or creepy, crawly things.
Heterophobia- Fear of the opposite sex. (Sexophobia)
Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia- Fear of the number 666.
Hierophobia- Fear of priests or sacred things.
Hippophobia- Fear of horses.
Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia- Fear of long words.
Hobophobia- Fear of bums or beggars.
Hodophobia- Fear of road travel.
Hormephobia- Fear of shock.
Homichlophobia- Fear of fog.
Homilophobia- Fear of sermons.
Hominophobia- Fear of men.
Homophobia- Fear of sameness, monotony or of homosexuality or of becoming homosexual.
Hoplophobia- Fear of firearms.
Hydrargyophobia- Fear of mercurial medicines.
Hydrophobia- Fear of water or of rabies.
Hydrophobophobia- Fear of rabies.
Hyelophobia or Hyalophobia- Fear of glass.
Hygrophobia- Fear of liquids, dampness, or moisture.
Hylephobia- Fear of materialism or the fear of epilepsy.
Hylophobia- Fear of forests.
Hypengyophobia or Hypegiaphobia- Fear of responsibility.
Hypnophobia- Fear of sleep or of being hypnotized.
Hypsiphobia- Fear of height.

Iatrophobia- Fear of going to the doctor or of doctors.
Ichthyophobia- Fear of fish.
Ideophobia- Fear of ideas.
Illyngophobia- Fear of vertigo or feeling dizzy when looking down.
Iophobia- Fear of poison.
Insectophobia - Fear of insects.
Isolophobia- Fear of solitude, being alone.
Isopterophobia- Fear of termites, insects that eat wood.
Ithyphallophobia- Fear of seeing, thinking about or having an erect penis.

Japanophobia- Fear of Japanese.
Judeophobia- Fear of Jews.

Kainolophobia or Kainophobia- Fear of anything new, novelty.
Kakorrhaphiophobia- Fear of failure or defeat.
Katagelophobia- Fear of ridicule.
Kathisophobia- Fear of sitting down.
Kenophobia- Fear of voids or empty spaces.
Keraunophobia or Ceraunophobia- Fear of thunder and lightning.(Astraphobia, Astrapophobia)
Kinetophobia or Kinesophobia- Fear of movement or motion.
Kleptophobia- Fear of stealing.
Koinoniphobia- Fear of rooms.
Kolpophobia- Fear of genitals, particularly female.
Kopophobia- Fear of fatigue.
Koniophobia- Fear of dust. (Amathophobia)
Kosmikophobia- Fear of cosmic phenomenon.
Kymophobia- Fear of waves. (Cymophobia)
Kynophobia- Fear of rabies.
Kyphophobia- Fear of stooping.

Lachanophobia- Fear of vegetables.
Laliophobia or Lalophobia- Fear of speaking.
Leprophobia or Lepraphobia- Fear of leprosy.
Leukophobia- Fear of the color white.
Levophobia- Fear of things to the left side of the body.
Ligyrophobia- Fear of loud noises.
Lilapsophobia- Fear of tornadoes and hurricanes.
Limnophobia- Fear of lakes.
Linonophobia- Fear of string.
Liticaphobia- Fear of lawsuits.
Lockiophobia- Fear of childbirth.
Logizomechanophobia- Fear of computers.
Logophobia- Fear of words.
Luiphobia- Fear of lues, syphillis.
Lutraphobia- Fear of otters.
Lygophobia- Fear of darkness.
Lyssophobia- Fear of rabies or of becoming mad.

Macrophobia- Fear of long waits.
Mageirocophobia- Fear of cooking.
Maieusiophobia- Fear of childbirth.
Malaxophobia- Fear of love play. (Sarmassophobia)
Maniaphobia- Fear of insanity.
Mastigophobia- Fear of punishment.
Mechanophobia- Fear of machines.
Medomalacuphobia- Fear of losing an erection.
Medorthophobia- Fear of an erect penis.
Megalophobia- Fear of large things.
Melissophobia- Fear of bees.
Melanophobia- Fear of the color black.
Melophobia- Fear or hatred of music.
Meningitophobia- Fear of brain disease.
Menophobia- Fear of menstruation.
Merinthophobia- Fear of being bound or tied up.
Metallophobia- Fear of metal.
Metathesiophobia- Fear of changes.
Meteorophobia- Fear of meteors.
Methyphobia- Fear of alcohol.
Metrophobia- Fear or hatred of poetry.
Microbiophobia- Fear of microbes. (Bacillophobia)
Microphobia- Fear of small things.
Misophobia or Mysophobia- Fear of being contaminated with dirt or germs.
Mnemophobia- Fear of memories.
Molysmophobia or Molysomophobia- Fear of dirt or contamination.
Monophobia- Fear of solitude or being alone.
Monopathophobia- Fear of definite disease.
Motorphobia- Fear of automobiles.
Mottephobia- Fear of moths.
Musophobia or Muriphobia- Fear of mice.
Mycophobia- Fear or aversion to mushrooms.
Mycrophobia- Fear of small things.
Myctophobia- Fear of darkness.
Myrmecophobia- Fear of ants.
Mythophobia- Fear of myths or stories or false statements.
Myxophobia- Fear of slime. (Blennophobia)

Nebulaphobia- Fear of fog. (Homichlophobia)
Necrophobia- Fear of death or dead things.
Nelophobia- Fear of glass.
Neopharmaphobia- Fear of new drugs.
Neophobia- Fear of anything new.
Nephophobia- Fear of clouds.
Noctiphobia- Fear of the night.
Nomatophobia- Fear of names.
Nosocomephobia- Fear of hospitals.
Nosophobia or Nosemaphobia- Fear of becoming ill.
Nostophobia- Fear of returning home.
Novercaphobia- Fear of your step-mother.
Nucleomituphobia- Fear of nuclear weapons.
Nudophobia- Fear of nudity.
Numerophobia- Fear of numbers.
Nyctohylophobia- Fear of dark wooded areas or of forests at night
Nyctophobia- Fear of the dark or of night.

Obesophobia- Fear of gaining weight.(Pocrescophobia)
Ochlophobia- Fear of crowds or mobs.
Ochophobia- Fear of vehicles.
Octophobia - Fear of the figure 8.
Odontophobia- Fear of teeth or dental surgery.
Odynophobia or Odynephobia- Fear of pain. (Algophobia)
Oenophobia- Fear of wines.
Oikophobia- Fear of home surroundings, house.(Domatophobia, Eicophobia)
Olfactophobia- Fear of smells.
Ombrophobia- Fear of rain or of being rained on.
Ommetaphobia or Ommatophobia- Fear of eyes.
Oneirophobia- Fear of dreams.
Oneirogmophobia- Fear of wet dreams.
Onomatophobia- Fear of hearing a certain word or of names.
Ophidiophobia- Fear of snakes. (Snakephobia)
Ophthalmophobia- Fear of being stared at.
Opiophobia- Fear medical doctors experience of prescribing needed pain medications for patients.
Optophobia- Fear of opening one’s eyes.
Ornithophobia- Fear of birds.
Orthophobia- Fear of property.
Osmophobia or Osphresiophobia- Fear of smells or odors.
Ostraconophobia- Fear of shellfish.
Ouranophobia or Uranophobia- Fear of heaven.

Pagophobia- Fear of ice or frost.
Panthophobia- Fear of suffering and disease.
Panophobia or Pantophobia- Fear of everything.
Papaphobia- Fear of the Pope.
Papyrophobia- Fear of paper.
Paralipophobia- Fear of neglecting duty or responsibility.
Paraphobia- Fear of sexual perversion.
Parasitophobia- Fear of parasites.
Paraskavedekatriaphobia- Fear of Friday the 13th.
Parthenophobia- Fear of virgins or young girls.
Pathophobia- Fear of disease.
Patroiophobia- Fear of heredity.
Parturiphobia- Fear of childbirth.
Peccatophobia- Fear of sinning or imaginary crimes.
Pediculophobia- Fear of lice.
Pediophobia- Fear of dolls.
Pedophobia- Fear of children.
Peladophobia- Fear of bald people.
Pellagrophobia- Fear of pellagra.
Peniaphobia- Fear of poverty.
Pentheraphobia- Fear of mother-in-law. (Novercaphobia)
Phagophobia- Fear of swallowing or of eating or of being eaten.
Phalacrophobia- Fear of becoming bald.
Phallophobia- Fear of a penis, esp erect.
Pharmacophobia- Fear of taking medicine.
Phasmophobia- Fear of ghosts.
Phengophobia- Fear of daylight or sunshine.
Philemaphobia or Philematophobia- Fear of kissing.
Philophobia- Fear of falling in love or being in love.
Philosophobia- Fear of philosophy.
Phobophobia- Fear of phobias.
Photoaugliaphobia- Fear of glaring lights.
Photophobia- Fear of light.
Phonophobia- Fear of noises or voices or one’s own voice; of telephones.
Phronemophobia- Fear of thinking.
Phthiriophobia- Fear of lice. (Pediculophobia)
Phthisiophobia- Fear of tuberculosis.
Placophobia- Fear of tombstones.
Plutophobia- Fear of wealth.
Pluviophobia- Fear of rain or of being rained on.
Pneumatiphobia- Fear of spirits.
Pnigophobia or Pnigerophobia- Fear of choking of being smothered.
Pocrescophobia- Fear of gaining weight. (Obesophobia)
Pogonophobia- Fear of beards.
Poliosophobia- Fear of contracting poliomyelitis.
Politicophobia- Fear or abnormal dislike of politicians.
Polyphobia- Fear of many things.
Poinephobia- Fear of punishment.
Ponophobia- Fear of overworking or of pain.
Porphyrophobia- Fear of the color purple.
Potamophobia- Fear of rivers or running water.
Potophobia- Fear of alcohol.
Pharmacophobia- Fear of drugs.
Proctophobia- Fear of rectums.
Prosophobia- Fear of progress.
Psellismophobia- Fear of stuttering.
Psychophobia- Fear of mind.
Psychrophobia- Fear of cold.
Pteromerhanophobia- Fear of flying.
Pteronophobia- Fear of being tickled by feathers.
Pupaphobia - Fear of puppets.
Pyrexiophobia- Fear of Fever.
Pyrophobia- Fear of fire.

Radiophobia- Fear of radiation, x-rays.
Ranidaphobia- Fear of frogs.
Rectophobia- Fear of rectum or rectal diseases.
Rhabdophobia- Fear of being severely punished or beaten by a rod, or of being severely criticized. Also fear of magic.(wand)
Rhypophobia- Fear of defecation.
Rhytiphobia- Fear of getting wrinkles.
Rupophobia- Fear of dirt.
Russophobia- Fear of Russians.

Samhainophobia: Fear of Halloween.
Sarmassophobia- Fear of love play. (Malaxophobia)
Satanophobia- Fear of Satan.
Scabiophobia- Fear of scabies.
Scatophobia- Fear of fecal matter.
Scelerophibia- Fear of bad men, burglars.
Sciophobia Sciaphobia- Fear of shadows.
Scoleciphobia- Fear of worms.
Scolionophobia- Fear of school.
Scopophobia or Scoptophobia- Fear of being seen or stared at.
Scotomaphobia- Fear of blindness in visual field.
Scotophobia- Fear of darkness. (Achluophobia)
Scriptophobia- Fear of writing in public.
Selachophobia- Fear of sharks.
Selaphobia- Fear of light flashes.
Selenophobia- Fear of the moon.
Seplophobia- Fear of decaying matter.
Sesquipedalophobia- Fear of long words.
Sexophobia- Fear of the opposite sex. (Heterophobia)
Siderodromophobia- Fear of trains, railroads or train travel.
Siderophobia- Fear of stars.
Sinistrophobia- Fear of things to the left or left-handed.
Sinophobia- Fear of Chinese, Chinese culture.
Sitophobia or Sitiophobia- Fear of food or eating. (Cibophobia)
Snakephobia- Fear of snakes. (Ophidiophobia)
Soceraphobia- Fear of parents-in-law.
Social Phobia- Fear of being evaluated negatively in social situations.
Sociophobia- Fear of society or people in general.
Somniphobia- Fear of sleep.
Sophophobia- Fear of learning.
Soteriophobia - Fear of dependence on others.
Spacephobia- Fear of outer space.
Spectrophobia- Fear of specters or ghosts.
Spermatophobia or Spermophobia- Fear of germs.
Spheksophobia- Fear of wasps.
Stasibasiphobia or Stasiphobia- Fear of standing or walking. (Ambulophobia)
Staurophobia- Fear of crosses or the crucifix.
Stenophobia- Fear of narrow things or places.
Stygiophobia or Stigiophobia- Fear of hell.
Suriphobia- Fear of mice.
Symbolophobia- Fear of symbolism.
Symmetrophobia- Fear of symmetry.
Syngenesophobia- Fear of relatives.
Syphilophobia- Fear of syphilis.

Tachophobia- Fear of speed.
Taeniophobia or Teniophobia- Fear of tapeworms.
Taphephobia Taphophobia- Fear of being buried alive or of cemeteries.
Tapinophobia- Fear of being contagious.
Taurophobia- Fear of bulls.
Technophobia- Fear of technology.
Teleophobia- 1) Fear of definite plans. 2) Religious ceremony.
Telephonophobia- Fear of telephones.
Teratophobia- Fear of bearing a deformed child or fear of monsters or deformed people.
Testophobia- Fear of taking tests.
Tetanophobia- Fear of lockjaw, tetanus.
Teutophobia- Fear of German or German things.
Textophobia- Fear of certain fabrics.
Thaasophobia- Fear of sitting.
Thalassophobia- Fear of the sea.
Thanatophobia or Thantophobia- Fear of death or dying.
Theatrophobia- Fear of theatres.
Theologicophobia- Fear of theology.
Theophobia- Fear of gods or religion.
Thermophobia- Fear of heat.
Tocophobia- Fear of pregnancy or childbirth.
Tomophobia- Fear of surgical operations.
Tonitrophobia- Fear of thunder.
Topophobia- Fear of certain places or situations, such as stage fright.
Toxiphobia or Toxophobia or Toxicophobia- Fear of poison or of being accidently poisoned.
Traumatophobia- Fear of injury.
Tremophobia- Fear of trembling.
Trichinophobia- Fear of trichinosis.
Trichopathophobia or Trichophobia- Fear of hair. (Chaetophobia, Hypertrichophobia)
Triskaidekaphobia- Fear of the number 13.
Tropophobia- Fear of moving or making changes.
Trypanophobia- Fear of injections.
Tuberculophobia- Fear of tuberculosis.
Tyrannophobia- Fear of tyrants.

Uranophobia or Ouranophobia- Fear of heaven.
Urophobia- Fear of urine or urinating.

Vaccinophobia- Fear of vaccination.
Venustraphobia- Fear of beautiful women.
Verbophobia- Fear of words.
Verminophobia- Fear of germs.
Vestiphobia- Fear of clothing.
Virginitiphobia- Fear of rape.
Vitricophobia- Fear of step-father.

Walloonphobia- Fear of the Walloons.
Wiccaphobia: Fear of witches and witchcraft.

Xanthophobia- Fear of the color yellow or the word yellow.
Xenoglossophobia- Fear of foreign languages.
Xenophobia- Fear of strangers or foreigners.
Xerophobia- Fear of dryness.
Xylophobia- 1) Fear of wooden objects. 2) Forests.
Xyrophobia-Fear of razors.

Zelophobia- Fear of jealousy.
Zeusophobia- Fear of God or gods.
Zemmiphobia- Fear of the great mole rat.
Zoophobia- Fear of animals.

Now understand Logical Reasoning with examples

The accuracy is highest in such questions, and the time spent solving them can be quite less if one has done a good amount of practice. The questions that are asked in logical reasoning require one to find out whether the given conclusion is valid or not. For example:

1. All drunken drivers meet with an accident.
Salman is a drunken driver.
Conclusion – Salman will meet with an accident
This one is pretty straightforward. Since Salman belongs to a group, all members of which meet with an accident, he would meet with an accident.

2. Most males are intelligent.
Mr. X is a male
Conclusion – Mr. X may or may not be intelligent
Here there are two possibilities. Either Mr. X is a part of the group of intelligent males or he is not. Hence, it follows that he may or may not be intelligent.

In the exam the questions that are asked have two statements followed by two conclusions and you have to determine which conclusion is correct. Obviously the questions are not so easy as the above examples and may require one to draw venn diagrams to solve the questions. E.g.

1. Statements –
some students are smart
all students are hardworking

Conclusions – (i) some hardworking students are smart
(ii) some smart students are hardworking
Solution – Both the conclusions are correct, as some students are definitely both smart and hardworking.

2. Statement–
tennis players get married only to models

Conclusions – (i) Madhu is married to a tennis player
(ii) Madhu is not married to a tennis player
Solution – Here either Madhu can be married to a tennis player or to someone who is not a tennis player. So either conclusion (i) or (ii) follow but not both.

3. Statements –
some roses are red
some red are black.

Conclusions – (i) no black is a rose.
(ii) no rose is a black
Solution – Here both the statements are possibilities. It may be that some roses are black or no roses are black. Hence neither of the conclusions follows.

Imoprtant GD Topics That You Should Know About

In some GDs - a subjective topic is preferred over others. This list contains some of these topics categorized under different heads.


Should Indian Railways be privatized
Impact of Globalization on India
India’s Security Concern
Liberalization of Insurance Sector: Pros and Cons
Appropriateness of reservation policy in India
Public Sector Disinvestment
Privatization is the need of the hour in Indian Industry
The USA is the biggest threat to World Peace
Reservation for Women in Education & Service
Indian corporate are puppets in the hands of Indian Politicians
Is India’s increasing expenditure on defense justified
Should India make peace with Pakistan
Will more autonomy to states jeopardize the unity of the nation
If we were Planning Commission Members
How can the Indian Political system be improved
Rural Development is a political issue, rather than something of substance
Parliamentary democracy is an obstacle to economic growth in India
Can politicians survive without corruption
Criminalization of politics in India – Causes and Remedies
There should be reservation for the silent middle income population of India
A politician’s private life should not be the public’s conscience
Politicians & Industrialists nexus


Infrastructure alone cannot improve India’s standing in the International arena
Globalization is bad for Indian companies
Infrastructure development is of prime importance for India in the next millennium
All nationalized banks in India should be privatized
Total Liberalization is the only way for economic development in India
In a country like India, Public sector is vital for national development
How much should India depend on IMF for loan
Is India’s expenditure on hi-tech areas justified from the social and economic point of view
India as you visualize in the year 2020
The finance minister has not done anything for the common man
India’s should emphasize more on SSI & MSI for employment
The fruits of economic policy can be reaped only if there is a strong political system
In the long run, the current economic policies will lead to MNCs dominating the Indian economy and society
Growing consumerism is an indicator of the nation’s economic prosperity
Invasion of MNCs is a drain on the resources of India
Family run businesses are the backbone of Indian Economy


Brain Drain is good for the country
All higher education in India should be privatized
Standardization of Textbooks is the best tool for national integration
The govt should stop funding IITs and IIMs and instead provide the funds to primary education
The present education system perpetuates inequality


Pollution is a price you pay for economic development
Developed Countries are damaging the eco-system of the earth
Urban pollution has been blown out of proportion
Economic development at the cost of Ecological Degradation


Is cloning of humans ethical
What should be the objective of a company – profits or customer
Are ethics and business compatible
Entry of MNCs & their business ethics
Principles of Mahatma Gandhi; are they valid today?
Social justice and equity is more important than economic equity and justice
The constitution of Indian needs to be re-looked at


Computerization in India may lead to labor unrest
Technological growth is more important than social cohesion for the advancement of a nation
Excessive computerization is stealing jobs from the people


Our country needs more MBAs than technocrats
Professional management is a must to attain targeted growth
Indian Management should find its own ethos, American & Japanese paradigms wont work
Public sector should be handed over to independent professional managers
Will the mushrooming of MBA institutes in India produce professional managers
Management graduates are more interested in salaries & jobs rather than management as a course


Can India still boast about being a secular country
The demand for foreign brands has overtaken that for our home grown brands
Vada-pav vs. Mc Donald Burger
Communism has lost its relevance
Cinema is at most entertainment with a degenerating effect
Journalism should be out of the premises of censorship
In our society, leadership should be entrusted to the youth ad not to the old
Educated Indian lacks national commitment
Beauty contests don’t fit into the Indian culture
Terrorism is like a virus – very easy to spread, very difficult to contain
Television! An idiot box or knowledge provider
Are we producing a generation of burnt out children
We have exchanged our golden heritage for a pair of blue jeans
TV and Cinema have more evil effects than beneficial


Is cricket hampering the growth of other sports in India
The making of great sportsmen requires a good infrastructure
The future of Indian Sport