November 29th, 2009 — Prep Material
5. Telephone Interview
Usually such interviews are used for selecting candidates from a large pool of people and also conducted on people who live far away from job location. Telephonic interview can be sued as initial screening of candidates. Telephonic interview is similar to face-to-face interview. Set up a place and time where there is no one to disturb or distract you. Focus on conversation as voice is the only key to make an impact. Keep your resume at hand. Disable the call waiting feature on your phone as your wouldn’t want to be disturbed during an interview.
6. Group Interview
Here, selected candidates are formed into an informal group. The interviewer will start the conversation and the candidates should take in over from there. The aim of this style of interview is to understand how can one can converse with other group members and influence or convince them. So, in short, it tries to gauge the leadership potential of each candidate.
7. Lunch/Dinner Interview
This is an interview planned over lunch or dinner. Though the setting at lunch or dinner may be casual, you should never get lax or complacent about yourself or the people around you. Since it’s a business meal, you need to maintain your composure and table etiquettes. For this, try to take the lead from the interviewer. Avoid consuming alcohol or eating messy food during the interview. That may leave to bad taste!
8. Stress Interview
This type of interview was very popular among sales position but rare today. Stress Interview tries to see how you handle pressure and under what circumstances will you give up. The interviewer may try tricks like being argumentative or may try to put you down or make a nasty comment – but you should realize it’s just a deliberate attempt to break your morale. So keep your cool and take time to answer each question without being in any hurry. The interviewer may also take into abrupt silence when asking a question; don’t get nervous and ask for clarification if needed.
November 29th, 2009 — GD / PI / CV, Personal Interview
You are getting prepared for an interview and lots of questions doing rounds in your mind. What if the interviewer asks me this or that and so on… So it’s good to be acclimatized to the different interviewing styles that interviewers adopt. The interview process is usually lengthy, wherein the interviewer may call you back many times to know if you can fit into the company culture. And when you actually face the interview, you may identify that the style may be one of the following –
1. Traditional Face to Face Interview
Most interviews conducted world over are of this type and have a one-on-one conversational approach. You must maintain eye contact with the interviewer and listen carefully to what he says and only then answer the questions. Listening carefully also helps to frame your answers in your mind at the same time when you are hearing out the questions. Developing a rapport with the interviewer is of utmost importance.
2. Panel/Committee Interview
As the name suggests, this type of interview has more than one person in the panel as interviewers. It’s typically a group of 3 to 10 people who judge you at the same time. This is a challenging situation to be in as your management and group presentation skills are put to test. As and when you converse with interviewers, try to gauge their personality type. Maintain eye contact with the concerned interviewer who is asking you questions; however when responding, make eye contact with other people in the panel too. Meeting eye contact of other people is a subtle way to ask for their approval and also a sign of your confidence.
3. Behavioral Interview
This interview is based on the fact that past behavior can be the best tool to judge a person’s future response to situations. These questions can be guised in telephone, panel or one-on-one interview formats. It should be noted that behavioral questions are not imaginary or based on presumptions. The interviewer is asking you something very specific and hence the answers must be based on facts related to your past. The interviewer is looking out for tangible results from the activities undertaken by you in your past. Few examples of such questions are – “Give an instance when..”, “Have you ever done something wherein..”, “Can you think of a situation when you were…”
4. Case Interview
This type of interview tries to measure your problem solving skills. The interviewer places a situation to you or provides you with a case study and asks you to come up with an apt and logical plan that aims to solve the problem. Interviewers are not seeking the best solution, as they already know one. What they are keener to find out is the process or approach you take to solve the problem. If the situation or problem is unclear, do not hesitate in asking questions to the interviewer or getting clarifications. The more you are able to explore ways of solving the case, more close you are to achieving your goal. This is the only interview where you are allowed to carry a pad and a pencil and take down notes as you work through the case.
November 23rd, 2009 — MBA
Do you have any doubts regarding MBA? Are you apprehensive about the many specializations and job prospects pertaining to MBA? Here are some of the common MBA FAQs answered:
There are 6 MBA specializations to choose from- Marketing, Finance, Human Resources, IT/System, Operations and Entrepreneurship.
Marketing Management is the most popular discipline amongst management graduates. It appeals to those with leadership qualities and fairly good communication skills. A career in marketing offers ample scope for growth, innovation, responsibility and challenge. Brand Manager, Area Manager, Product Manager, Marketing Manager and Chief Marketing Officer (CMO) are the various designations. The companies include Fast Moving Consumer Goods, Advertising, Consumer Durables, Non-Durables, Media, Services Marketing and Market Research.
Finance Management is a career that is apt for those who are interested in quantitative skills. Those who also have an interest in planning, policy information and managing resources can also opt for finance management. A career in finance is best described as ‘Number Crunching’. Finance is about managing money and its repercussions. Banks, Financial Institutions, Stock Brokerage Houses and Investment Bankers recruit Finance MBAs.
HR Management is about managing people, managing employees. MBAs in this stream usually specialize in ‘compensation’. They are of in charge of Recruitment and Selection, Performance Appraisals, Employee Packages, Grievance Redressal Cells, etc. You could be a HR Manager, an Industrial Relations Manager or a Personnel Manager.
As far as Information Technology (IT) and/or Management Information Systems (MIS) is concerned, the field is usually favourable for technical graduates and engineers. IT Companies usually recruit MBA-Systems.
Those who are specifically inclined towards Production / Shop-floor Management opt for Operations Management. IT Companies, Manufacturing companies and Engineering companies recruit such MBAs. They are generally required to deal with the internal and external movements within an organization. It refers to vendor development, processes, ancillary management and relationships.
Entrepreneurship Management is usually chosen by those who have a family-managed business. It is a challenging and thrilling career option. With e-commerce catching up, Entrepreneurship Management has become a lucrative career stream for MBAs. It involves a huge amount of risk, but it also guarantees high returns if you succeed.
May 30th, 2007 — GD / PI / CV, Group Discussion
Learn the answers to the questions that frequently arise in your mind !!
What is the normal duration of a GD?
A GD is generally of 15-20 minutes duration.
How many panel members are there to evaluate?
There are usually 3-4 panel members to evaluate.
Is there time given for preparation after the topic is given and before starting the GD?
Usually some time (2-5 minutes) is given to collect one’s thoughts, but there could be instances when this does not happen, so it is best not to bank on this.
Should I address the panel or the group members?
Don’t ever make the mistake of addressing the panel members. The GD is between you and the other members, not the panel members. You must avoid even looking at the panel members while the GD is in progress. Just ignore their existence.
What is the seating arrangement like?
It could be semi-circular, or circular, or seating along side a rectangular table, depending upon the venue. It is best not to bother about trivial issues like this, which you have no control over.
How should I address the other group members?
If you are initiating the discussion, you could do so by collectively addressing the group as “Friends”. Subsequently, you could use names (if the group has had a round of self-introduction prior to starting the discussion and you remember the names) or simply use pronouns like “he” or “she”.
Suppose I have a lot to say on the topic, should I say all of it?
You would not be looked upon favourably if you kept speaking all the time and did not listen to anyone else. Contrary to the misconception, the person who talks the most is not necessarily the one who is judged the best. The quality and not the quantity of your contribution is the success factor.
Should I encourage others to speak up?
Do not directly put someone who is consistently silent on the spot by asking him/her to speak up. If someone has been trying to speak and has a good point but is cut off constantly, you may encourage him/her to continue with her point as you would like to hear her out.
Are the group members supposed to keep track of the time or will the panel keep track?
It would be good if you are conscious of the time, but not to the point of getting so distracted looking at your watch that you do not contribute to the discussion.
May 30th, 2007 — GATE
GATE is an abbreviated form of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. The examination is conducted by the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT’s) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore on behalf of the National Coordinating Board-GATE, Dept of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD).
GATE enables students seeking admission for various post-graduate courses like engineering, technology, architecture, pharmacy at various institutes in India. Its score is also considered by universities abroad for admission for research and post-graduate programmes. However, know that the significance of GATE score differs from college to college.
Additional advantage of appearing for GATE is, it opens the door for Junior Research Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories. Despite educational purposes, the GATE helps students in employment too. GATE score is considered by employers to evaluate intelligence of the candidate. Hence GATE’s importance has increased now-a-days.
GATE assesses students’ intelligence and capabilities perfectly, merely in three hours. Candidate appearing for test answers 150 objective-type of questions. Examinee chooses correct option from given four choices.
As GATE is an entrance for post-graduation studies in engineering, architecture, pharmacy and technology, the eligibility for the test is bachelor’s degree in either of the fields. Students appearing for the final or pre-final year of these programmes are also eligible. Additionally, master degree holders in science, mathematics, statistics, computer applications or equivalent course give GATE. Students appearing for final or pre-final year of such programmes are also eligible for GATE.
Besides, eligibility criteria allow students of second or higher year of the four year integrated master’s degree programme in engineering or technology. Candidates studying in third or higher year of five-year integrated master’s degree programme and dual degree course in same fields can appear for GATE.
Usually GATE is conducted on every second Sunday of February. Hence students can plan their studies in advance and appear for GATE with full of their capacity. However, marking system is little tricky. First 30 questions carry one mark each while; next 55 questions carry 2 marks each. The negative marking makes students alert and restrict them from guess-work.
GATE papers are disciplined as:
Paper marked as AG, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, IT, ME, MN, MT, PI, TF have questions on engineering mathematics carrying 20 to 25 marks.
Score beyond 800 is considered as extra-ordinary intellect. If you stand amongst first 100 ranks your seat in IIT is confirmed. A standard qualitative interpretation of the GATE score is as below:
The GATE score is calculated as:
m = marks obtained by the candidate.
a = average of marks of all candidates appeared for the paper mentioned on this scorecard, in the current year.
s = standard deviation of marks of all candidates who appeared in the paper mentioned on this scorecard, in the current year.