Kinds Of Relationship

Study some basic relationships to simplify your hold over analogy questions.

1. Instrument and Measurement:

Ex. Barometer: Pressure

Barometer is an instrument used to measure pressure.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Thermometer: Temperature
2. Anemometer: Wind vane
3. Odometer: Speed
4. Scale: Length
5. Balance: Mass
6. Sphygmomanometer: Blood Pressure
7. Rain Gauge: Rain
8. Hygrometer: Humidity
9. Ammeter: Current
10. Screw Gauge: Thickness
11. Seismograph: Earthquakes
12. Taseometer : Strains

2. Quantity and Unit:

Ex. Length: Metre

Metre is the unit of length.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Mass: Kilogram
2. Force: Newton
3. Energy: Joule
4. Resistance: Ohm
5. Volume: Litre
6. Angle: Radians
7. Power: Watt
8. Potential: Volt
9. Work: Joule
10. Time: Seconds
11. Current: Ampere
12. Luminosity: Candela
13. Pressure: Pascal
14. Area: Hectare
15. Temperature: Degrees
16. Conductivity: Mho
17. Magnetic field: Oersted

3. Individual and Group:

Ex. Sailors: Crew

A group of sailors is called a crew.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Cattle: Herd
2. Flowers: Bouquet
3. Grapes: Bunch
4. Singer: Chorus
7. Sheep: Flock
8. Riders: Cavalcade
9. Bees: Swarm
10.Man: Crowd

4. Animal and Young one:

Ex. Cow: Calf

Calf is the young one of cow.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Horse: Pony
2. Cat: Kitten
3. Sheep: Lamb
4. Butterfly: Caterpillar
5. Insect: Larva
6. Dog: Puppy
7. Hen: Chicken
8. Lion: Cub
9. Duck: Duckling
10. Man: Child

5. Male and Female:

Ex. Horse: Mare

Mare is the female horse.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Dog: Bitch
2. Stag: Doe
3. Son: Daughter
4. Lion: Lioness
5. Sorcerer: Sorceress
6. Drone: Bee
7. Gentlemarl : Lady
8. Nephew: Niece
9. Tiger: Tigress

6. Individual and Class:

Ex. Lizard: Reptile Lizard belongs to the class of reptiles.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Man: Mammal
2. Ostrich: Bird
3. Snake: Reptile
4. Butterfly: Insect
5. Whale: Mammal
6. Rat: Rodent

7. Individual and Dwelling Place:

Ex. Dog: Kennel

A dog lives in a kennel.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Bee: Apiary
2. Cattle: Shed
3. Lion: Den
4. Poultry: Farm
5. Monk: Monastery
6. Fish: Aquarium
7. Birds: Aviary
8. Horse: Stable

8. Study and Topic:

Ex. Ornithology: Birds

Ornithology is the study of birds.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Seismology: Earthquakes
2. Botany: Plants
3. Onomatology: Names
4. Ethnology: Human Races
5. Ontology: Reality
6. Herpetology: Amphibians
7. Pathology: Diseases
8. Astrology: Future
9. Anthropology: Man
10. Palaeography : Writings
11. Ichthyology: Fishes
12. Semantics: Language
13. Nephrology: Kidney
14. Concology : Shells
15. Haematology : Blood
16. Craniology: Skull
17. Mycology: Fungi
18. Entomology : Insects
19. Zoology: Animals
20. Occultism: Supernatural
21. Oology : Eggs
22. Virology: Viruses
23. Malacology : Molluscs
24. Palaeontology: Fossils
25. Pedology: Soil
26. Taxonomy: Classification
27. Orography: Mountains
28. Selenography : Moon
29. Eccrinology: Secretions
30. Histology: Tissues
31. Nidology : Nests
32. Cardiology: Heart
33. Phycology : Algae
34. Bryology : Bryophytes

9. Worker and Tool:

Ex. Blacksmith: Anvil

Anvil is the tool used by a blacksmith.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Carpenter: Saw
2. Woodcutter: Axe
3. Tailor: Needle
4. Labourer: Spade
5. Soldier: Gun
6. Sculptor: Chisel
7. Mason: Plumbline
8. Chef: Knife
9. Doctor: Stethoscope

10. Farmer: Plough
11. Author : Pen
12. Surgeon: Scalpel
13. Gardener: Harrow
14. Warrior: Sword
10. Tool and Action:

Ex. Needle: Sew
A needle is used for sewing.

Some more examples are given below:

1. Knife: Cut
2. Sword: Slaughter
3. Mattock: Dig
4. Filter: Purify
5. Steering: Drive
6. Pen: Write
7. Spanner: Grip
8. Spoon: Feed
9. Microscope: Magnify
10. Gun : ‘Shoot
11. Shovel: Scoop
12. Chisel: Carve
13. Oarl: Row
14. Axe : Gripd
15. Auger: Bore
16. Spade: Dig
17. Shield: Guard
18. Loudspeaker: Amplify


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